The City of Sydney

By | October 5, 2021

Sydney is the oldest and most populous city in Australia and the country’s most important economic center. The opera house opened in 1973 and the Australian Museum are of particular cultural importance. In 2000 Sydney hosted the XXVII. Summer Olympics.

Sydney is Australia’s oldest settlement founded by Europeans. Today it is the capital of the state of New South Wales and has around 3.6 million residents.

According to, Sydney is located on the Pacific coast of Australia. The city’s harbor, Port Jackson, got its name from JAMES COOK, who went ashore here in 1770. A few years later, the first convict ship from Great Britain docked, and the first governor of the British colony of New South Wales founded the settlement Sydney Cove in 1788.

In the period that followed, Sydney developed into Australia’s most important port of call for immigrants from all over the world. With the immigrants, the city grew into what is now Australia’s most populous metropolis.

But Sydney also ranks first among the country’s metropolises in other areas. With its powerful industry, many large service companies and the largest stock exchange, Sydney is Australia’s most important economic center.

As an educational and cultural metropolis, Sydney stands out among the major Australian cities. There are three universities and a large number of technical colleges, institutes and academies. In terms of culture, several theaters, museums and the opera provide entertainment. In addition, Sydney is also the seat of an Anglican and a Catholic archbishop.

The city’s landmark is the opera house, which opened in 1973. With its ten interlocking roofs, which are supposed to be reminiscent of the sailing ships of the European settlers, it was built according to a design by the Danish architect JÖRN UTZON. On an artificial island, the building protrudes far into the harbor.

In addition, the Sydney Tower with a height of 305 m and the harbor bridge, which with a span of 1148 m is one of the longest single-arched bridges in the world, are among the most famous buildings in the city.

The old town of Sydney is of particular interest to tourists. Many of its buildings date from the 19th century and were built in the Victorian style. Among the modern buildings, the State Theater from 1929 and the University of New South Wales building from 1962 are worth mentioning.

The Australian Museum is one of the most important museums in the world with around 30 million exhibits. The museum’s collections are particularly important for palaeontology. For example, you can see the remains of dinosaurs and important finds from the early history of Oceania.

In 2000 Sydney hosted the XXVII. Summer Olympics.

Continent and State of Australia

Australia is the only country in the world that spans an entire continent. Australia is the smallest of the world’s continents and makes up most of the landmass of Oceania. Its greatest east-west distance is about 4500 km, the north-south extension about 3600 km.

The geological structure of Australia is simple because it comprises only three large areas: the Western Australian Tableland, the Central Australian Depression and the Eastern Australian Highlands. Australia is the driest continent on earth. The amount of precipitation decreases towards the interior of the continent. In the center, deserts and semi-deserts shape the landscape.

The population density is very low at 2.5 residents / km². Agriculture, especially sheep and cattle breeding, is traditionally the most important branch of the economy in Australia. The mining sector is becoming increasingly important due to the export of raw materials.

The Aborigines, the native people of the country, have been persecuted and almost exterminated since the European colonization. A policy of reparation seeks to integrate them into the social structure of the country.

With an area of ​​7.7 million km², Australia is the smallest of the continents on earth and comprises most of the land mass of Oceania. The state of Australia includes the island of Tasmania to the south and a large number of other islands.

Australia stretches on both sides of the Tropic of Capricorn approximately between 10 ° N.B. and 40 ° S. B. Its greatest east-west extension is about 4500 km, the greatest north-south distance 3600 km.

The coasts of the continent are relatively poorly structured: the northern part of the east coast is in front of the Great Barrier Reef in the shallow sea. With a length of 2000 km and its countless islands, it is the largest living coral reef on earth. On the other three sides, the continent is surrounded by deep sea. In the north, Arafura Sea and Timor Sea separate it from New Guinea and the islands of Indonesia. The west and south coasts are washed by the Indian Ocean. In the southeast, the Tasman Sea separates Australia from neighboring New Zealand. The Pacific Ocean with the Coral Sea in the northeast borders Australia in the east (Fig. 1).

The City of Sydney