San Marino. New party alliances were formed before the parliamentary elections held in October. Victory did the block-crossing alliance San Marino’s general best, consisting of Christian Democratic PDCS, Social Democratic PSD and the small liberal AP. The alliance gained just over half of the vote and its own majority with 35 out of 60 seats. The new government took office in December.
- AbbreviationFinder.org: Provides most commonly used acronyms and abbreviations for San Marino. Also includes location map, major cities, and country overview.
According to countryaah, the population of San Marino in 2012 was 33,161, ranking number 219 in the world. The population growth rate was 1.270% yearly, and the population density was 554.5333 people per km2.
According to tradition, he lived on Monte Titano in the 4th century. a Christian stonecutter, Marino, who would have gathered fellow believers to form a congregation. This community, having cleared the mountain, became a vico, then a parish church, then a castle, and finally, in the 11th century, fortified itself against the Hungarians, the Saracens and the Normans, a municipality. Despite the pitfalls of the neighboring bishops and then of the Malatesta, it maintained its independence, protected by the counts of Montefeltro and papal privileges. In 1460-63, allied with Pius II and with Federico Duke of Urbino against the Malatestas, the small republic obtained the castles of Fiorentino, Monte Giardino, Serravalle and Faetano. Towards the middle of the 15th century. the arengo of the heads of the families created the Grand Council, made up of 60 citizens, which remained in function for about four centuries. During the Risorgimento it offered asylum to many patriots and numerous San Marino citizens took part in the wars of independence. ● Internationally recognized independent in 1815, in 1862 it was also recognized by the newborn Italian state, with which it entered into a customs union to which the monetary union was added in 1939. The customs union with all EU countries dates back to 1993, joining the euro area in 2002. ● San Marino’s legal system is based on the ancient statutes (dating back to the Middle Ages) and their subsequent updates. Heads of state and executive are two regent captains, elected for six months by the Great and General Council; the regent captains preside over the Congress of State, which has the executive power, responsible before the Great and General Council. The latter, holder of legislative power, is made up of 60 members, elected for five years by universal suffrage. Since 1945 the Christian Democratic (PDCS), Socialist (PSS) and Progressive Democratic (PPDS) parties have alternated in the government; in 2005 the PSS and the Party of Democrats of San Marino (PDS) gave rise to the Party of Socialists and Democrats (PSD). In the 2008 political elections, a center-left coalition including the PSD, the United Left and the People’s Alliance of San Marino Democrats prevailed. The results of the 2012 political elections recorded the victory of an unprecedented electoral coalition (San Marino common good) which united the PDCS and Popular Alliance, already in the government of the outgoing legislature, with the PSD, previously the opposition, while the consultations held in 2016 recorded the victory of the Repubblica Futura parties, Civic 10 and the Democratic Socialist Left, united in the Ora.sm coalition which won 57.9% of the votes against the 42% reported by the San Marino coalition first of all, made up of PDCS, PSS, PSD and PDS. The elections held in December 2019 recorded the victory of the PDCS with 33.3% of the consensus (21 seats out of 60), while the anti-system coalition Tomorrow in movement was the second political force in the country with 24.6% of the votes.
In September 2021, the legalization of abortion in the country was approved by a large majority through the referendum instrument by 77.3% of the votes, with a turnout of 41% of those entitled to vote.