According to pharmacylib, the capital of Peru – Lima was founded in 1535, and during the Conquista period was the political and military capital of the Spanish possessions in South America. The history of the “city of kings” began with a curiosity. According to legend, Pizarro asked the local Indians where, in their opinion, the best point for laying the city, and they deliberately advised him the most unsuitable place to live.
Nowadays, Lima is a beautiful modern city, each district of which has its own unique character. Banking zones and luxury hotels give way to bohemian suburbs, expat districts to city beaches.
Lima is located on the high coast of the deserted Pacific coast. The shore is covered with large pebbles, and swimming is difficult due to high waves and low water temperatures. But, undoubtedly, guests will enjoy sitting at a cafe or restaurant table on one of the terraces of the Larco Mar shopping center on a high bank and admiring the beautiful panorama of the ocean waves rolling on the shore.
In the Miraflores area there are the best hotels, shopping centers, souvenir shops, restaurants with national cuisine.
The historic center of the city is built in the colonial style. Around the central square of Plaza de Armas are the government palace and the cathedral. Pedestrian street with numerous cafes, restaurants and shops Giron de La Unien stretches from Plaza de Armas to the second largest square, Plaza de San Martin.
In the San Isidro area, there are fashionable houses, representative offices of large foreign companies and embassies.
80 km from Lima, at an altitude of about 3900 m, is the plateau of Marcahuasi. A huge number of megalithic sculptures and rock paintings are concentrated here, the origin of which is still unknown. On a rocky cliff 29 km south of Lima lies Pachacamac – a place of worship for the Divine Creator of the Earth, the most important religious center of the pre-Inca period. In the neighboring Rimak valley, the mysterious buildings of Puruchuko and Cajamarquilla are located.
From October to April, summer here is warm and sunny (maximum temperature +16 + 18 ° С), from May to September – winter, humid (minimum temperature + 13 + 14 ° С). Rain is rare. The sky over the city from time to time is covered with a light haze, through which the sun’s rays hardly break through. This fog is called “garua” – the evaporation of ocean moisture, held above the city by a mountain range from the east.
The best time to visit is from October to May.
Beach resorts in Peru
Peru has more than 1,800 miles of coastline, but at the same time, Peru doesn’t have the famous beaches that Brazil or Mexico have. Peruvian beaches stretch from the north coast of the country down to Lima, and they are one of the most popular holiday destinations for Peruvians and tourists during the hot months of the year: January, February and March.
Tumbes is a coastal region in northern Peru, located in the tropical zone. The resort is a 1 hour 30 minute flight from Lima, just 30 km from the Ecuadorian border. The beaches of Tumbes are ideal for swimming, surfing, diving, fishing. Punta Sal Beach (84 km south of Tumbes) is considered one of the best on the entire Peruvian coast, thanks to its white sand and sunny weather all year round. Besides surfing, you can explore the underwater world of the ocean, deep sea fishing, or windsurfing in Punta Sal. The best time for surfing comes in December and lasts until March.
Approximately 2.5 hours south of Tumbes is the resort town of Mancora, part of the Piura region. Most of Mancora’s beaches are characterized by strong waves, making the resort an excellent windsurfing destination. Mancora is also popular as a traditional beach destination. About 30 hotels, restaurants, bars, nightclubs have been built here.
Tumbes can be reached from Lima either by plane in 1.5 hours (daily flights) or by bus in 18 hours.
The climate is warm throughout the year. The maximum temperature of 40°C is observed from January to March, the minimum to 18°C - from June to August. The northern and central parts of the Tumbes region are humid. In the southern part (Punta Sal beaches), rains are quite rare, and the average annual temperature is 25…26 C.
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