Lesotho. Prime Minister Pakalitha Mosisili resigned in February as leader of the Lesotho Congress for Democracy (LCD), which was shaken for a time by severe contradictions. The veteran politician formed a new party, the Democratic Congress (DC), and could remain with the support of 45 MPs.
At the May 26 election, DC became the largest party with 48 of Parliament’s 120 seats, far from the necessary majority. Mosisili resigned after 14 years as head of government. Tom Thabane from the opposition party Allbasothian Convention (ABC) formed an alliance with four parties, including LCD, a party he himself had resigned from in 2006. In June, King Letsie III appointed Thabane as prime minister. Thabane is also responsible for the defense and the police.
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Election observers from the African Union (AU) characterized the election as free and fair.
Another year with bad harvests, among others. the staple corn maize contributed to the country’s disaster authority and the United Nations Food Agency WFP in November appealing to aid donors for food aid.
Eight men from Mozambique and South Africa were sentenced to 15 years in prison for participating in the 2009 assassination attempt at the then Prime Minister Mosisili. The referee said they appeared to have been tiles in a game. Murder charges were written off.
According to countryaah, the population of Lesotho in 2012 was 2,058,910, ranking number 148 in the world. The population growth rate was 0.630% yearly, and the population density was 67.8202 people per km2.