Jamaica. The new Prime Minister Portia Simpson-Miller of the People’s National Party (PNP), who had been elected in December 2011, was installed in January and presented his government. In her installation speech, she said she intended to transform Jamaica into a republic, and thus the country would no longer have the British regent as its head of state. The announcement came ahead of the 50th anniversary of Britain’s independence that Jamaica celebrated in 2012.
After the parliamentary elections, the Social Democratic PNP had received 41 of the 63 seats in the House of Representatives. But after a recalculation in early January, the Election Authority announced that the Deputy Opposition Leader of the right-wing Jamaica Labor Party (JLP), Christopher Tufton, had lost his seat in the House of Commons and that in fact that seat would go to a PNP member. As a result, the ruling PNP received 42 seats.
- AbbreviationFinder.org: Provides most commonly used acronyms and abbreviations for Jamaica. Also includes location map, major cities, and country overview.
In February, the police launched a campaign to destroy illegal weapons and ammunition that the police had seized. 2,000 illegal weapons were smashed into an oven and about half a ton of ammunition was destroyed, all under police supervision and government and UN representatives. The measures were an attempt to reduce arms smuggling and violent crimes in the country. Old weapons from the police, military and security guards at the country’s prisons were also destroyed to prevent them from getting into the hands of criminals. Gun crimes are very common in Jamaica and criminal gangs are often just as well-armed as the security forces. During the campaign, many more weapons would be destroyed.
Jamaican drug king Christopher “Dudus” Coke was sentenced in June to 23 years in prison by a federal court in the United States, where he had been extradited in 2010. Coke had been the leader of the criminal gang “Shower Posse”, which smuggled drugs around the world. He was also said to have had close contacts with high-ranking politicians in Jamaica.
According to countryaah, the population of Jamaica in 2012 was 2,890,910, ranking number 140 in the world. The population growth rate was 0.570% yearly, and the population density was 266.9456 people per km2.
Jamaica Island of the Caribbean Sea, the third largest in area (after Cuba and Hispaniola) of the Greater Antilles ; since 1962 it has been an independent state. The island of Jamaica is located about 150 km S of Cuba, from which it is separated by an arm of sea that is over 7000 m deep, while the Canale di G., about 190 km wide and about 2000 m deep, divides it to the East from Hispaniola.
The island has the shape of an elongated ellipse and is mainly mountainous; made up of deep layers of sedimentary rocks (limestone), it has a not too harsh morphology, with the reliefs arranged in a longitudinal chain, folded into the Tertiary, which only in the extreme eastern section rises up to 2256 m in the Blue Mountain Peak; otherwise, it is a plateau that rarely exceeds 700-800 m. The climate is subequatorial, with zonal variations mainly attributable to the relief: thus, the average annual temperatures go from 26 ° C in the southern coastal strip to 16-17 ° C in the eastern mountains (with very limited temperature variations everywhere) and rainfall, carried by the NE trade winds, they vary from a maximum of 6000 mm on the most exposed slopes to a minimum of not even 1000 mm in the capital region, sheltered by the mountains. Cyclones are frequent, often causing very serious damage. Although largely replaced by crops, spontaneous vegetation still occupies a large part of the territory, passing from the savannah (more or less wooded depending on the amount of rain) to the typical forest and, along the coasts, to mangrove associations.