Category Archives: South America

The Aztecs immigrated to Mexico in the 11th century and created a great empire through military conquests and diplomatic skill. The conquered areas were occupied by the military and made tribute payments.

The capital Tenochtitlán, probably founded around 1370, was magnificently expanded with temple pyramids, palaces, aqueducts, bridges and large squares. The basis of the Aztec economy was an elaborate cultivation of fields on artificially irrigated terraces and floating gardens.

The Aztecs had calendars, picture writing, paper, developed handicrafts and a state-organized general school system, which was strictly divided between the upper and lower classes. Barbaric sacrificial rituals are also known from the Aztecs, in which thousands of people were torn out alive every year in order to favor Huitzilopochtli, the god of sun and war. At the inauguration of the new main pyramid of Tenochtitlan in 1487 alone, 20,000 people, mostly members of subjugated tribes, are said to have been sacrificed. Cortéz conquered the Aztec Empire between 1519 and 1521 with the help of the tribes subjugated by the Aztecs; Tenochtitlán was destroyed. For more information about the continent of South America, please check

Sucre, Bolivia

The most beautiful Bolivian city of Sucre is still the official capital of the country, although all government buildings are located in the second capital – La Paz. Locals call Sucre the White City – a lot of white colonial buildings have been preserved here. And to this day in the historical part it is… Read More »

Lima, Peru

According to pharmacylib, the capital of Peru – Lima was founded in 1535, and during the Conquista period was the political and military capital of the Spanish possessions in South America. The history of the “city of kings” began with a curiosity. According to legend, Pizarro asked the local Indians where, in their opinion, the… Read More »

Health and Diseases in Colombia

Vaccination protection There is no compulsory yellow fever vaccination in Colombia. In 2005, however, there were 20 yellow fever cases and 13 people died. The WHO recommends vaccination for trips to the middle valley of the Magdalena River, the eastern and western foothills of the Cordillera Oriental from the border area with Ecuador to the… Read More »

Venezuela 2012

Yearbook 2012 Venezuela. On October 7, President Hugo Chávez was re-elected with a good margin for another six-year term with 55% of the votes cast. In only two of Venezuela’s 23 states, Mérida and Táchira, did he lose to opponent Enrique Capriles of the opposition alliance Democratic Alliance Round Table (MUD), which received 44% of… Read More »

Uruguay 2012

Yearbook 2012 Uruguay. On February 23, a historic agreement was reached across party borders for an educational reform, one of President José Mujica’s heart issues. The agreement was a great victory for Mujica, who accused the political system of permanently being in a state of electoral movement, without pragmatic will for consensus for the good… Read More »

Suriname 2012

Yearbook 2012 Suriname. Gold mining in the southeastern part of neighboring Guyana created new tensions between the two countries during the year. Guyana, with a gold tax of 5%, accused Suriname of encouraging smuggling across the border and tax evasion for the government of Guiana with a gold tax of just 1%. Surinam President Desi… Read More »

Peru 2012

Yearbook 2012 Peru. Almost six months after President Ollanta Humala’s entry into power, the guerrilla movement Sendero Luminoso suffered its worst defeat since its leader Abimael Guzmán was apprehended in 1992. On February 12, an army federation in Alto Huallaga Valley succeeded in seizing Florindo Eleuterio “Artemio” Flores Hala, the last of the gerillas marked… Read More »

Paraguay 2012

Yearbook 2012 Paraguay. On June 22, an overwhelming majority of members in both chambers of Congress voted to bring President Fernando Lugo to trial. The charges relate to “substandard performance of duties”, namely the President’s handling of certain specific issues. Some of them had constitutional grounds, such as the president’s failure to consult Congress before… Read More »

Guyana 2012

Yearbook 2012 Guyana. Violent protests erupted in mid-July in the mining town of Linden because of a government decision to reduce subsidies on electricity prices in the city. In armed confrontations with police, three protesters were killed and 20 injured. Linden, which is the center of Guyana’s bauxite extraction, is known in the country’s history… Read More »