Burundi. International donors promised in October to give Burundi more than US $ 2 billion over the next four years, twice as much as the United Nations Development Program UNDP had hoped. In connection with the donor conference in Geneva, President Pierre Nkurunziza declared that the country had become more stable.
Human rights organization Human Rights Watch urged donors to continue pushing Burundi to stop politically motivated murders and other abuses, even though the violence has been suppressed compared to 2011. Few suspects have been held accountable. Threats continued against individual organizations, the opposition and journalists.
One notable case concerned the radio journalist Hassan Ruvakuki, who in June was sentenced to life imprisonment for terrorist offenses. Ruvakuki had visited Tanzania at the end of 2011 and interviewed members of an armed Burundi opposition group that carried out an attack in eastern Burundi. At the same trial, 13 other people were sentenced to life, while nine were sentenced to 15 years in prison.
- AbbreviationFinder.org: Provides most commonly used acronyms and abbreviations for Burundi. Also includes location map, major cities, and country overview.
More than 30,000 Burundians were expected to return by the end of the year, as they would lose their refugee status in neighboring Tanzania. The UNHCR promised to assist them.
The leader of the opposition party MSD (Movement for Security and Democracy) was arrested in Tanzania at the beginning of the year. However, Alexis Sinduhije was released after a week. He went into exile in connection with the disputed elections in 2010. Burundi accuses him of participating in a murder. Critics claim it is an attempt to silence the opposition.
Burundian soldiers participated in the African Union Peace Force in Somalia, AMISOM. Former President Pierre Buyoya was appointed to the African Union Special Envoy in Mali and the Sahel.
According to countryaah, the population of Burundi in 2012 was 10,159,919, ranking number 88 in the world. The population growth rate was 3.210% yearly, and the population density was 395.6398 people per km2.
History. – During 2005, the approval of the new constitutional text and the holding of multi-party elections represented two important moments in the Burundian political transition; but the country still appeared to be far from full stabilization. The traditional inter-ethnic conflict, which was sought to end by institutionalizing the principle of sharing of power between the Hutu majority and the Tutsi minority, was joined by new reasons for tension, connected to the methods of government management by the Conseil national pour la défense de la démocratie -Forces de défense de la démocratie (CNDD-FDD). The frictions with the parties of the Front pour la démocratie au Burundi (FRODEBU) and the Union pour le progrès national (UPRONA), combined with the fracture within the CNDD-FDD itself which culminated in the removal of the leader Hussein Radjabu, they generated an institutional impasse which was overcome only in November 2007, thanks to an agreement with FRODEBU and UPRONA. The implementation of the ceasefire agreement – reached in September 2006 – between the government and the Hutu rebels of the Forces nationales de libération (Palipehutu-FNL), which officially laid down their arms and became a political party, also proved problematic. only in April 2009.
Despite the accusations of growing intolerance towards the opposition forces, the frequent use of violence, widespread corruption and authoritarian drift, the CNDD-FDD won 64% of the votes in the administrative elections of May 2010. The oppositions denounced fraud and as a sign of protest boycotted the successive presidential elections in June – in which the outgoing president and only candidate Pierre Nkurunziza was confirmed with 91.6% of the votes – and the elections for the renewal of the National Assembly in July in which, with the exception of the 3 seats reserved for the Twa minority, only the CNDD-FDD (81), the UPRONA (17) and the FRODEBU Nyakuri (5), a branch of the FRODEBU which separated from the party, won seats. The disputed consultations led to a flare-up of tensions during 2011, with episodes of dramatic violence between CNDD-FDD and FNL. In March 2013, under the auspices of the UN, government and opposition forces met to discuss the prospects for peacekeeping and to define a common path towards the 2015 elections. On the eve of the vote, in the month of April, protests broke out against Nkurunziza’s candidacy for a third presidential term, in violation of the limit of two set by the Constitution; while in May, an attempt failed protests broke out against Nkurunziza’s candidacy for a third presidential term, in violation of the limit of two set by the Constitution; while in May, an attempt failed protests broke out against Nkurunziza’s candidacy for a third presidential term, in violation of the limit of two set by the Constitution; while in May, an attempt failed coup led by General Godefroid Niyombare. After securing a large parliamentary majority in the June elections, Nkurunziza won the presidential elections in July with over 69% of the votes, in an electoral round boycotted by the most important opposition forces and judged by observers from the East African Community (East African Community, EAC) does not comply with the principles and standards of freedom and transparency.