The tent – mobile home for mountaineering, trekking and camping holidays
Every outdoor enthusiasts no longer buying a tent passes sooner or later. No matter if you plant a trekking tour of Scandinavia, travels by bicycle through Africa, plans an expedition to the K2 or would like to spend your camping vacation just in Arco, there’s the best tent for every purpose. This versatility in the scope results in a variety of completely different types of tent with individual properties.
Distinguish between tents, for example, on the basis of the construction can be: dome – and igloo tents, tunnel tents, geodesists. But of course due to their different purpose: camping tents, expedition tents, family tents and trekking tents. Of course, not every tent for any purpose fits and the most expensive tent is not necessarily right for the individual application. In the jungle of the many tent offers is to keep the overview and to find the appropriate tent for himself on the basis of the facts. The perhaps strongest criterion in the selection of the tent is the number of people. Who would like to ride the family camping vacation, is to buy a 1-person bivy tent. Who is on the go on solo tour in the mountains, needs no 8-person base camp tent. Even if you two are with a 3 person tent, you actually wasted space in the luggage of the tours and take unnecessary ballast.
The most important tent structures – GEODESIC tent, dome tent and tunnel tent
in addition to the question of how many people will be staying, the question is probably the most important after the construction. Tents can be roughly distinguished in tunnel tents, dome tents and geodesists. The classic form of tent with a slanted roof or exotic square forms no longer come as modern outdoor tents into consideration. Here outweigh the disadvantages in weight and stability.
The most common tent construction is also known as the igloo tent certainly the dome tent. It has a rectangular ground plan and two rods arcs that intersect centrally. This form is the tent also by itself and must be tensioned hardly in addition in dry weather. Also it can be themselves even after building up yet to push. The form provides a relatively good ratio of surface area to usable interior surface, the maximum height reached the tent but only to a point.
A dome tent with several linkage junctions called Geodesist. Through the crossings the pressure is spread by wind or snow loads more evenly on many poles. This GEODESIC tents are significantly more stable than normal dome tents. You are therefore mainly on the expedition use where maximum weather protection under extreme conditions. Depending on you are with how much luggage, on a sufficiently large vestibule to watch, because inside the tent itself usually is no more room for larger backpacks.
Tunnel tents also have a rectangular shape, the linkage but do not intersect, but run parallel to each other in an arc from one side to the other. This results in a form that resembles a half cylinder. In contrast to a dome tent, this construction is not alone and must be anchored always neatly. The benefit is the improved ratio of surface area to usable Interior. The walls are very steep with a tunnel tent and you have the maximum amount available over the entire length in the middle. Usually, these tents have spacious vestibule, which is plenty of room for gear and backpacks.
The sense of an inner tent
the most tents are made of an outer tent and there is a tent, but also some few walled tents that are especially lightweight and compact. The inner tent lets the moisture escape, created by breathing air and sweating in a tent. You condenses on the outer tent and runs down on the inside of the outer wall. Here, a good ventilation of the tent is especially critical, the condensation as far as possible to limit.
But also inner tent is not the same inner tent. In a tent, which was developed especially for use in the summer, the inner tent will consist of a thin mesh. This is used mainly keeping mosquitoes and other insects and offers little or no weather protection. Between high mountain models, however, used density nylon fabric, which provide a good heat retention and wind protection.
The most common materials for tents
in addition to the basic material of the cover and the soil, even the coating is an important aspect for the quality of a tent. Also the material of the rod makes a difference in the price, weight and stability.
An easily comparable quality characteristic is the specification of the water column. It defines how much water pressure can act on a fabric before water enters. From 1500 mm water column a substance is considered to be waterproof. As so often is the technical value alone even not very meaningful, the processing of seams, high quality impregnations and covered zippers make the quality of a tent.
, The two most common materials are polyamid and polyester. Polyamide has the advantage of being particularly tear-resistant and abrasion-resistant. Of disadvantage are the UV sensitivity and the fact that polyamide moist stretches – here a retension may be necessary. To compensate for these disadvantages, the Ripstop structure is used for higher-quality tents. The strong additional seams increase the tensile strength and prevent a stretching of tissue. The UV resistance is significantly increased through a silicone coating.
Polyester is light and UV resistant. It won’t stretch with moisture and must not be tensioned so also. The higher noise level is a disadvantage of polyester – polyester flapping in the wind, which can disrupt the sleep comfort at higher wind speeds. Glass fiber is used for the linkage either or but – more expensive tents, aluminium. Of course there are quality differences, which are characterized above all by the alloys also here. Basically it can be said: the thicker the linkage, more stable – but also serious – it is!
Of course the mountaineers customer service’s assist with all questions relating to the selection of the appropriate tent.