Toys are important in the child’s development, so pediatricians and experts suggest that the baby should be stimulated with toys early on. However, parents need to be keen on safety, always picking up toys with a safety seal. In our country, the controlling body is INMETRO. There is an age rating for each toy manufactured, observe the classification well and the toy is authorized.
From the womb of the mother, babies begin to develop the five senses, so music, pleasant conversation and quiet environment are important during pregnancy.
Toys stimulate and develop the baby’s and child’s senses, hearing, smell, taste, touch and sight. Therefore, colorful toys of different textures, sizes, sound, with movements are important so that they can develop the five senses and cognitive abilities.
According to Professor and researcher Mauro Muszkat: “50% of the development of the brain happens during the first year of life.“ The child still has no ability to hold toys, but is stimulated by the sounds, movements and smell of objects.
“The baby’s first toy will be his own body.”
(Carolina Duman) Just watch as they hold one hand tight in the other, with two and three months staring as they move their hands, take them to their mouths, hold their little feet, are always trying to grab something.
To choose the toy safely, here are some important tips:
The Best ToysAnd Stimuli In The First 12 Months Of The Baby Fourth Month
From the fourth month on, babies are able to hold toys and more easily control the movements they want to make, such as picking up, bringing their hand or object to their mouths. At this stage, sound toys are very stimulating for them, like rattles, music box and mobiles.
At six months old, they are already more developed and begin to understand the different geometric shapes, hit and play toys, if the adult gives attention, they can do it over and over again. At this stage, objects like dolls, balls, nesting toys, toys with different sounds like animals make the biggest success with babies.
In the eighth month, many are able to sit with some firmness and show great determination to pick up toys that are not within their reach, stimulating the onset of crawling. They begin to be interested in figures and even images of children and drawings on television.
At 12 months, they are almost walking and babble when they want something, point to the objects and toys they want. At this stage, docking and stacking toys are more interesting because they have better motor coordination and love to do, undo and redo the same moves and games. At that age, they understand a few words and know what the adult is asking for, like kissing, goodbye, clapping. Recognize objects when prompted.
The Best Toys And Stimuli For After The First Year Of Life
In the second year, baby phase stimuli are easily controlled by the child, so she needs new challenges such as push-fit toys that emit sounds that the child recognizes and even imitates.
From the third year, the child is ready for more adventures. At this stage, the tricycle or strollers that children can get in and move around are good challenges. Getting involved in the organization is challenging and very educational. The child should be encouraged to keep toys, even if they are not organized as the mother wishes, she must value each achievement and keep the child’s attention at the time of the organization.
Child, from the sixth year, is interested in games, whether they fit, assemble, board, balls, bowling, modeling masses, objects that can be controlled electronically. They also become more interested in the miniatures of adult models, such as cars, trains, planes, animals, dolls, stoves, cliques and other forms that describe mainly their daily life.
The tricycle gives way to bicycle, skates, skateboards . Electronic games are great at this stage in which reasoning needs to be stimulated because they offer different stages in which the child can explore their brain power and ability to master the device.
Books are welcome at this stage, especially the interactive ones in which the child can feel the story, from the three-dimensional pieces, such as puppets and other models that, besides the pleasure of history, stimulate the imagination as well as touch, hearing and vision.
Seek advice from the pediatrician or the teacher and the child’s school teacher to know how to cope when you realize that your child is having difficulty with some of the five senses or even when he or she demonstrates that he or she always needs more and more compulsive stimulation. Balance is always the best way.
Remember, life begins in the womb of the mother and at this stage must also begin the stimuli, but with the passage of time, that is, with each passing year, the child will need guidance beyond the stimulus. Playing with your child is something that will do him and you very well, because it will strengthen the relationship of affection and trust between you and help you develop self-esteem and security.
Playing develops skills, strengthens relationships, brings joy and peace at any age. This is validated by the words of medical doctor, professor and writer Oliver Wendell Holmes : “We do not stop playing because we get old, but we get old because we stop playing.”