Buying advice bicycle helmets – safety for the head

In my childhood, the use of bicycle helmets among us boys was considered uncool. Carefree and above all “unbehelmt” we came roaring our bikes over the dirt roads and through the woods of my home to Bavaria. In retrospect, I feel the serenity of yesteryear rather than pure carelessness. And fortunately, the image of the bicycle helmet has changed greatly in recent years just under stamp. In the meantime, it is well known that a bicycle helmet can protect the carrier from serious head injuries and saving lives in extreme cases. On the road it looks though unfortunately still somewhat different, but here, too, a helmet is an important protective measure name, which should not be avoided! Especially not from Stylegründen. Because let’s face it: many helmets on the market look really cool. So you know which helmet you you best places to which bike discipline, follows a brief introduction to the colourful world of the bicycle helmet customer.

Security going on – general information on the bicycle helmet
Clear, helmet prevented an accident. But a bicycle helmet absorbs the impact and protects against dangerous head injuries. And besides the protectors, the bicycle helmet for the bikers is the only protection it has. There is no belt, no airbag and no crumple zone. So, no compromises may be incorporated into quality and finish of the helmet. But how does a helmet and how is it structured?

Usually a bicycle helmet consists of an inner part of hard foam, which is covered with a plastic tray. Some models are padded on the inside. The experts distinguish between three basic types: the micro shell helmet with a thin layer of plastic, the hard shell helmet with a fixed and hard outer layer and the soft helmet. The latter consists only of the hard foam shell and is no longer used.
When it comes to impact, absorbs the helmet, specifically his hard foam layer, the shock energy. The whole thing works like in the crumple zone of a car. The acceleration of the fall will be attenuated and reduced the risk of serious head injury. A hard shell helmet distributes the resulting from the impact force on the entire surface of the helmet, which again mitigates the fall. The smooth surface of micro – and hard shell helmets gives slipping from the surface in the fall. Depending on the copy and type of helmet, there are additional protective measures that increase the security. So much for theory to practice: the helmet purchase!
Fit, size, security features, and more details
How the bicycle helmet is in General and how he protects is clear. But helm is not the same helmet. Although the helmets, must pass a test to be approved in the EU and of Switzerland. But there are important things that you must be aware of, so that the optimal protection is guaranteed at the time of purchase.
At the top is the fit, as so often. However, this criterion when purchasing a helmet never should be underestimated. All the protection function of head protection is not properly seated flute? The helmet must not wobble and must be securely attached. During the fitting, you can shake with open chin strap of the helmet. He stays in place is all right, he can move, he does not fit. The size is either specified in the head circumference on the helmet or in the “S-XL” known standards. The helmet must be centered on the forehead. So neither too high, nor too low. Between the closed chin strap and the Chin should be one to one and a half centimeters clearance maximum. About a finger so.

Also important: vents! Avoid strenuous tours “Head sauna” under the helmet, the most models have (which is the helmet type depending on, but more on that later) openings, over the fresh air on the scalp can get. So that not even insects through said holes can enter, they are equipped often with a fly guard. The chin strap is also an important criterion. Through it, the helmet is fixed firmly on the head. This prevents slipping and gives additional protection in a crash. The belt must fit securely and easily to Öffnen – and be close. Whether by wheel or by buckle, is left to your preference. There’s also models with removable chin guard. In terms of weight, it is above all to ensure that the helmet is not too heavy. A heavy burden on the head is a relaxing bike ride in most cases an obstacle. The appearance is rather secondary, but just when kids helmets not to neglect. Finally, the helmet should be worn and not dangle like at my ten year self on the luggage carrier.
What helmet subspecies are there?
As we know there are micro shell helmets, hard shell helmets and no longer usual soft shell helmets. But each discipline of bike sport has its own subspecies of the helmet.

A simple city helmet is recommended for everyday use and road traffic. It offers excellent protection. The ventilation should be adequate and reflective elements provide maximum visibility in traffic. Fürs mountain biking is, how different it shall be of the mountain bike helmet. Which is particularly light, but still extremely robust. The ventilation is usually strong and allow a perfect air circulation. The mountain bike often to protect against flying debris, dirt, and all sorts of animals that does not belong in the face, helmet with visor. Road bike helmets offer maximum ventilation and are very light. They are designed to be aerodynamic and fulfil their protective function due to their special construction excellent. Downhill helmets, also Fullface helmets called aimed primarily at downhill biker. This full face helmets are modeled on motorcycle helmets and offer maximum protection for head, face and Chin. This type of helmet is mostly padded on the inside.
No matter which helmet you you want to put in, especially one is important. The helmet must be mandatory for the corresponding/discipline of type of sport! A race helmet does not protect downhill using the Fullface helmet does not belong and so on in the road.
When must the bicycle helmet be changed?
Like everything in life also a bicycle helmet for which is eternity. If the helmet has cracks in the shell or in the foam, a new need. Even the finest hair cracks can greatly affect the security. Even after a fall, a new helmet in the House must in any case. Generally, even if the helmet from the outside seems perfectly in order, it may be damaged. Because the helmet material over time can be porous and perspiration and sunlight also have influence on the durability, professionals change their helmet every five to six years. Also in high-quality bicycle helmets a date of manufacture is in addition to the CE mark. So you can you be sure, whether the head protection belongs to the old iron or not.

In my childhood I am escaped the large fall luckily up on the one or two small abrasion. But I’m going with a high-quality protection on the head quite a bit reassured by the area. And so should happen also to you. So helmet up and down it goes into the pedals!
As always you can contact you also questions our experts in customer service. Daniel, our specialist for bicycle helmets, stand during the week every day from 9: 00-18:00 by telephone under + 49 (0) 7121/70 12 0 or email available.